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No Weighted-Regret Learning in Adversarial Bandits with Delays

Ilai Bistritz, Zhengyuan Zhou, Xi Chen, Nicholas Bambos, Jose Blanchet; 23(139):1−43, 2022.

Abstract

Consider a scenario where a player chooses an action in each round $t$ out of $T$ rounds and observes the incurred cost after a delay of $d_{t}$ rounds. The cost functions and the delay sequence are chosen by an adversary. We show that in a non-cooperative game, the expected weighted ergodic distribution of play converges to the set of coarse correlated equilibria if players use algorithms that have “no weighted-regret” in the above scenario, even if they have linear regret due to too large delays. For a two-player zero-sum game, we show that no weighted-regret is sufficient for the weighted ergodic average of play to converge to the set of Nash equilibria. We prove that the FKM algorithm with $n$ dimensions achieves an expected regret of $O\left(nT^{\frac{3}{4}}+\sqrt{n}T^{\frac{1}{3}}D^{\frac{1}{3}}\right)$ and the EXP3 algorithm with $K$ arms achieves an expected regret of $O\left(\sqrt{\log K\left(KT+D\right)}\right)$ even when $D=\sum_{t=1}^{T}d_{t}$ and $T$ are unknown. These bounds use a novel doubling trick that, under mild assumptions, provably retains the regret bound for when $D$ and $T$ are known. Using these bounds, we show that FKM and EXP3 have no weighted-regret even for $d_{t}=O\left(t\log t\right)$. Therefore, algorithms with no weighted-regret can be used to approximate a CCE of a finite or convex unknown game that can only be simulated with bandit feedback, even if the simulation involves significant delays.

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