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A Compression Technique for Analyzing Disagreement-Based Active Learning

Yair Wiener, Steve Hanneke, Ran El-Yaniv; 16(23):713−745, 2015.


We introduce a new and improved characterization of the label complexity of disagreement-based active learning, in which the leading quantity is the version space compression set size. This quantity is defined as the size of the smallest subset of the training data that induces the same version space. We show various applications of the new characterization, including a tight analysis of CAL and refined label complexity bounds for linear separators under mixtures of Gaussians and axis-aligned rectangles under product densities. The version space compression set size, as well as the new characterization of the label complexity, can be naturally extended to agnostic learning problems, for which we show new speedup results for two well known active learning algorithms.

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