# Improving physics-informed neural networks with meta-learned optimization

Alex Bihlo.

Year: 2024, Volume: 25, Issue: 14, Pages: 1−26

#### Abstract

We show that the error achievable using physics-informed neural networks for solving differential equations can be substantially reduced when these networks are trained using meta-learned optimization methods rather than using fixed, hand-crafted optimizers as traditionally done. We choose a learnable optimization method based on a shallow multi-layer perceptron that is meta-trained for specific classes of differential equations. We illustrate meta-trained optimizers for several equations of practical relevance in mathematical physics, including the linear advection equation, Poisson's equation, the Korteweg-de Vries equation and Burgers' equation. We also illustrate that meta-learned optimizers exhibit transfer learning abilities, in that a meta-trained optimizer on one differential equation can also be successfully deployed on another differential equation.