Recovering shared structure from multiple networks with unknown edge distributions

Keith Levin, Asad Lodhia, Elizaveta Levina.

Year: 2022, Volume: 23, Issue: 3, Pages: 1−48


In increasingly many settings, data sets consist of multiple samples from a population of networks, with vertices aligned across networks; for example, brain connectivity networks in neuroscience. We consider the setting where the observed networks have a shared expectation, but may differ in the noise structure on their edges. Our approach exploits the shared mean structure to denoise edge-level measurements of the observed networks and estimate the underlying population-level parameters. We also explore the extent to which edge-level errors influence estimation and downstream inference. In the process, we establish a finite-sample concentration inequality for the low-rank eigenvalue truncation of a random weighted adjacency matrix, which may be of independent interest. The proposed approach is illustrated on synthetic networks and on data from an fMRI study of schizophrenia.