Learning Rates for Q-learning

Eyal Even-Dar, Yishay Mansour; 5(Dec):1--25, 2003.


In this paper we derive convergence rates for Q-learning. We show an interesting relationship between the convergence rate and the learning rate used in Q-learning. For a polynomial learning rate, one which is 1/tω at time t where ω∈(1/2,1), we show that the convergence rate is polynomial in 1/(1-γ), where γ is the discount factor. In contrast we show that for a linear learning rate, one which is 1/t at time t, the convergence rate has an exponential dependence on 1/(1-γ). In addition we show a simple example that proves this exponential behavior is inherent for linear learning rates.